Rasos Cemetery

  • Rasų g. 32, Vilnius
  • +370 5 2656563

Rasos Cemetery is the oldest and most rasu kapfamous cemetery in the city of Vilnius, Lithuania. It is named after the Rasos district where it is located. It is separated into two parts, the old and the new cemeteries, by a narrow Sukilėliai Street. The total area is 10.8 ha. Since 1990 new burials are allowed only to family graves.

The year 1769 is widely cited in many sources as the date when the cemetery was founded. However, some historians believe it is a typo and the real date should be 1796. On April 24, 1801 the new cemetery was consecrated. Two days later John Muller, the mayor of Vilnius, became the first person to be buried there. A formal document was signed in July 1801. It specified that the cemetery received 3.51 ha of land and that the cemetery will be free of charge to all city residents. It was the first cemetery in Vilnius not located next to a church.

There are many famous Lithuanians, Poles, and Belarusians buried there, including over fifty Vilnius University professors. Those interred there include:

Francišak Alachnovič (1883–1944), writer, journalist
Jonas Basanavičius (1851–1927), physician, scientist, patriot, activist, signer of the Act of Independence of Lithuania
Kazys Boruta (1905–1965), writer and politician
Janina Burchardówna (1883–1924), journalist, teacher and freedom-fighter
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis (1875–1911), painter and composer
Petras Cvirka (1909–1947), writer
Mečislovas Davainis-Silvestraitis (1849–1919), journalist, poet, specialist in Lithuanian folklore, book smuggler, Lithuanian activist
Wacław Dziewulski (1882–1938), physician, professor at Vilnius University
Antonina Fiszer (1824–1840), actress
Laurynas Gucevičius (Wawrzyniec Gucewicz) (1753–1798), architect[3]
Czesław Jankowski (1857–1929), poet
Adam Jocher (1791–1860), founder of the first public library in Vilnius
Gabrielius Landsbergis–Žemkalnis (1852–1916), playwright, publicist, book distributor, administrator of Vilniaus žinios
Joachim Lelewel (1786–1861), historian, professor at Vilnius University
Józef Łukaszewicz (1863–1928), professor at Vilnius University and revolutionist
Juliusz Kłos (1881–1933), architect, author of the first guidebook to Vilnius
Józef Montwiłł (1850–1911), humanist and sponsor of hospitals, orphanages and museums
Vincas Mykolaitis-Putinas (1893–1967), writer
Jan O’Connor (1760–1802), physician, professor at Vilnius University
The heart of Józef Piłsudski (1867–1935), Polish statesman. Also his mother, two brothers, and first wife are buried at Rasos cemetery
Maria Piłsudska (née Koplewska; 1865–1921), first wife of Józef Piłsudski
Karol Podczaszyński (1790–1860), architect, professor at Vilnius University
Franciszek Smuglewicz (1745–1807), painter, professor at Vilnius University
Balys Sruoga (1896–1947), Lithuanian writer and concentration camp survivor
Jędrzej Śniadecki (1768–1838), physician, chemist, biologist, writer
Władysław Syrokomla (1823–1862), writer
Jurgis Šlapelis (1876–1941), Lithuanian linguist, translator, Lithuanian activist, cultural and political figure
Juozas Tallat–Kelpša (1889–1949), composer
Count Eustachy Tyszkiewicz (1814–1873), historian, archaeologist
Antanas Vileišis (1856–1919), physician, activist
Jonas Vileišis (1872–1942), Lithuanian politician, mayor of Kaunas, signer of the Act of Independence of Lithuania
Petras Vileišis (1851–1926), engineer, Lithuanian activist
Povilas Višinskis (1875–1906), book smuggler, writer
Antoni Wiwulski (1877–1919), architect and sculptor
Tadeusz Wróblewski, (1858–1925)lawyer, bibliophile
Bronisław Wróblewski (1888–1941), lawyer

There is also a mass grave of Poles kidnapped in 1919 from Vilnius by the Bolsheviks and shot at Daugavpils.

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