Railway Museum

  • Geležinkelio g. 16, LT-01047 Vilnius
  • +370 5 269 37 41
  • http://www.muziejai.lt/vilnius/Gelezinkeliu_muziejus.en.htm
  • muziejus@litrail.lt

The purpose of the Railway Museum is to geležinkelių muziejus3collect, preserve and promote the museum’s valuables related to the history of railways and the activities of Lietuvos Geležinkeliai (Lithuanian Railways).
The Railway Museum is located on the second floor of the Vilnius railway station, a historic building built in 1861. The museum occupies three halls. These are three main visitor-oriented areas: information (exhibition hall), cultural (exhibitions) and educational (models hall).
The exhibition in the main museum hall is arranged according to themes: travel, communications, road construction, rolling stock, railway signalling, builders and workers.
The beginning of the exhibition acquaints visitors with the history of railway stations. There are photos of first railway stations in Lithuania and authentic rail travel attributes: trunks placed on authentic shelves from diesel train D1, signs of luggage porters who worked at stations, dishes from passenger carriages of different periods, an old ticket safe and other related exhibits.
The history of railways is closely related with the history of communications, which is reflected in the Morse telegraph apparatus of 1916 and 1923, and bimetallic wire from the Kaišiadorys-Liepoja railway section (1871) telegraph line. Wire telegraph connecting railway stations was installed after building the railway in Lithuania in the 19th century. Turmantas, Dūkštas, Ignalina, Švenčionėliai, Vilnius, Lentvaris, Kaunas, Virbalis and other stations had telegraphers as soon as in 1865. The telegraph service also took care of telephone communications at the stations. Telephone communications were established on the railways at the start of the 20th century. Local battery telephones, a telephone switch, a telephone hub, a postal correspondence stamping (marking) machine (1957) and other authentic exhibits capture the attention of visitors.

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