Natural danger

3727371104_ced4a98f48If bitten by a dog or a wild animal, seek medical attention immediately.
In some parts of the country, particulary in pastures, forest outskirts and meadows with a high grass, there is a low risk of contracting tick-borne encephalitis. Vaccination is advised at least 2 weeks before you plan out-door activities in a wild nature. Risky areas (mostly agricultural areas of pastures with some woodland) are annually updated on the map of prevalence of encephalitis-infected ticks. The risk of Lyme disease is similarly low, vaccination is not available. Prevention: avoid high grass areas and wear long trousers and appropriate shoes.
The main wild animals that transmit rabies are raccoon dog and red fox. Serious cases of this disease are very rare, but you should be aware if you plan your activities in the forest.
There is a one species of poisonous snake, the European adder, which has a distinct dark zig-zag on its pale back. Poisonous insects are bees, wasps and bumblebees. The only poisonous plant is Sosnowsky’s Hogweed, invasive plant which appeared in Lithuania in c. 1950. Since 1990 it quickly spread all over the country, in 2001 it was included in the list of malicious animals and plants. The plant is 3–5 m in height, the leaves are 50–60 cm long, its all parts are extremely toxic.

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